Page 15 - The future of the metro booklet
P. 15

Dialogue                                              Dialogue

 ties. Innovation is not only about   more desirable   10% on concrete for a 20km via-  distances, it is the composition
 futuristic   projects   such   as   as a means of   duct,  which  could  avoid  emit-  of scales that we need. We also
 Hyperloop or flying cars. We can   getting around?  ting  6,000  tonnes  of  green-  need to consider urban planning
 develop the metro into an incre-             house  gases,  or  the  equivalent   in line with the transport offer.
 mental innovation model: a use-  M.B.        of  600  individuals  in  one  year   In  their  academic  work  on  ‘La
 ful and virtuous innovation.  First and foremost it is about   (11.9 tonnes CO  equivalent per   ville  cohérente‘  (the  coherent
            simplicity,  fluidity  and  comfort.   person  and  per year,  according   city),  the  researchers  Emre
 → What will be   Moving  from A  to  B  must  be  a   to  the  figures  of  the  French   Korsu,  Marie-Hélène  Massot
 the impact on   pleasant  experience.  This  re-  Government for the year 2016).  and  Jean-Pierre  Orfeuil  have
            quires a reliable and robust sys-
 the life of the city   tem of the right size, the taking   We  also  seek  to  benefit  from   shown  that,  in  the  case  of
 if the metro   into consideration of usage, and   the system’s potential, from its   Greater  Paris,  if  assets  are  less
                                                                                than  30  minutes  from  offices,
                                              design  to  its  maintenance,  via
 loses a part of its   the interconnection of the metro   its operation, but also from the   car traffic linked to work could
 transport capacity?  with  the  other  modes  of  trans-  functioning of the stations and   be reduced by 10% and that of
            port (meaning intermodality).     administrative  buildings.  The   public transport by 47%. If this
 M.B.   The  covid-19  health  crisis   But one can go further: the ur-  ambition is to be able to build a   vision is utopian, the study pre-
 has led to a loss of 80% in capa-  ban  anthropologist  Sonia  metro  tomorrow  while  maste-  sents  difficulties  linked  to  the
            Lavadinho rightly said: “when we
 city, corresponding at once to a   can  say  that  our  time  spent  on   ring all its energy requirements.   specialisation  of  zones  and  a
 drop in the level of service and a   the street and on transport was   We could also propose related   concentration  of  employment
 drop in the capacity of vehicles   pleasant  and  worthwhile,  then   functions  that  generate  added   that is too high.
 regarding the respect of physical   we  will  have  answered  the   value for the  environment  and   As Jean-Marc Offner points out
 distancing rules. In such a situa-  challenges of mobility.” Areas of   cities.  It  is  thanks  to  this  ap-  in  his work  ‘Anachronismes  ur-
 tion, the transport curve must be   the metro where the concept of   proach that the metro will soon   bains’  (Urban  anachronisms),
 flattened by reducing the density   time disappears thanks to design   be more than just a line but also   the future will see the establish-
 of movements and by avoiding   and what is beautiful and fun.  an  essential  component  in  our   ment of a mobility system based
 rush  hours,  moving  commuter               cities and for society.           on three principles: walking for
 flows  to  other  modes  of  trans-  → The metro                               short  distance  journeys;  public
 port, etc. It is clear here that resi-           → Journey times               transport  for  scalable  move-
 lience requires the activation of   and  zoom  out  effect  must  be   very  common  in  the  United   also has negative   will change in the   ments,  and  on-demand  trans-
 multi-scale  systems  combining   used. More than ever, the capa-  States, 50% of journeys made by   externalities:   cities of the future:   port modes and car-sharing for
 everyone’s  strength  to  create  a   city of the metro, its added value   car are less than 10km in France,   how can they be   how could this   other movements. In such a sys-
 network.  in  the  service  to  communities   only 3% of journeys are made by   limited, or even   tem,  the  networks  feed  each
 This health crisis forces us to   and territories is to be envisaged   bicycle,  despite  it  being  a  very   put to good use?  impact use of the   other,  and  work  together  to
 think about a ‘global system’ and   in terms of synergy and comple-  high capacity mode of transport.  metro?  meet the expectations of users.
 the speeding up of certain   mentarity  with  other  services   The problem in the case of a loss
 changes  already  taking  place   and modes of transport.  of transport capacity for the me-  C. C.  At SYSTRA, we envisage the   M.B.   Transport  exists  because
 gradually  or  still  in  gestation.   tro is that its number of passen-  potential but also the impacts in   there  is  activity.  If  we  change
 This forces us to reconsider the   → Can a different   gers is difficult to match: a metro   their entirety, at the project level   the way in which we localise our
 place  of  bicycles,  walking  and   distribution   can  carry  60,000  people  per   and throughout the lifecycle of   activities, we change the way in
 micro-mobility  in  cities,  and  to   of passengers   hour.  The  local  authorities  in   the infrastructure. We pay great   which  we  build  cities.  There  is
 recognise these as entirely sepa-  across different   Paris have thus estimated that if   attention  to  optimising  the  life-  much talk today about the
 rate ways of getting around.  transport modes   only  5%  of  the  600,000  daily   cycle  of  the  infrastructure  and   concept of short distance cities:
 passengers on line 13 took their
 be considered   car,  four  extra  lanes  would  be   its interactions with the environ-  the  15-minute  city,  the  poly-
 C. C. Whether it is for a crisis, or   ment.  centric city… This opens an inte-
 more generally in the context of   according to their   needed  on  the  road.  Shifting   For example, we monitor the car-  resting realm of possibilities on
 journeys  from  public  transport
 global warming and a zero emis-  journey times?  to  cars  is,  however,  neither   bon footprint of our different de-  the  use  of  land  resources  and
 sions  strategy,  an  ecosystems   viable nor desirable.  The crisis   sign  scenarios  very  closely,  we   the recycling of the urban space
 approach must be adopted ins-  M.B.  There  is  a  huge  number  of   should not act as a brake, a step   encourage our clients, as soon as   (multiplication  of  uses,  reversi-
 tead of a narrower approach. It is   ways  to  travel  short  distances.   backwards in the context of en-  it is possible, to accept technical   bility of spaces).
 not  just  the  metro  itself  that  is   Private operators of micro-mobi-  ergy transition.  solutions  (choice  of  equipment,   These  future  possibilities  raise
 being considered but its place in   lity have already understood   constructive methods) that enable   questions about distance, proxi-
 a broader context, and the way it   this.. In urban zones, most short   impacts to be limited. On certain   mity, but also about connected-
 is integrated in the urban envi-  journeys (500m to 10km) are still   → How can public   projects, we  are  for  example  ca-  ness – links between the diffe-
 ronment.  A  constant  zoom  in   made by car, and driving alone is   transport be made   pable of proposing savings  of   rent  places.  More  than  short

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