Page 14 - The future of the metro booklet
P. 14

Dialogue                                                                                                             Dialogue


       ties. Innovation is not only about                                                                                      more desirable                10% on concrete for a 20km via-  distances, it is the composition
       futuristic   projects   such   as                                                                                       as a means of                 duct,  which  could  avoid  emit-  of scales that we need. We also
       Hyperloop or flying cars. We can                                                                                        getting around?               ting  6,000  tonnes  of  green-  need to consider urban planning
       develop the metro into an incre-                                                                                                                      house  gases,  or  the  equivalent   in line with the transport offer.
       mental innovation model: a use-                                                                                     M.B.                              of  600  individuals  in  one  year   In  their  academic  work  on  ‘La
       ful and virtuous innovation.                                                                                           First and foremost it is about   (11.9 tonnes CO  equivalent per   ville  cohérente‘  (the  coherent
                                                                                                                                                                          2
                                                                                                                           simplicity,  fluidity  and  comfort.   person  and  per year,  according   city),  the  researchers  Emre
          → What will be                                                                                                   Moving  from A  to  B  must  be  a   to  the  figures  of  the  French   Korsu,  Marie-Hélène  Massot
          the impact on                                                                                                    pleasant  experience.  This  re-  Government for the year 2016).   and  Jean-Pierre  Orfeuil  have
                                                                                                                           quires a reliable and robust sys-
          the life of the city                                                                                             tem of the right size, the taking   We  also  seek  to  benefit  from   shown  that,  in  the  case  of
          if the metro                                                                                                     into consideration of usage, and   the system’s potential, from its   Greater  Paris,  if  assets  are  less
                                                                                                                                                                                              than  30  minutes  from  offices,
                                                                                                                                                             design  to  its  maintenance,  via
          loses a part of its                                                                                              the interconnection of the metro   its operation, but also from the   car traffic linked to work could
          transport capacity?                                                                                              with  the  other  modes  of  trans-  functioning of the stations and   be reduced by 10% and that of
                                                                                                                           port (meaning intermodality).     administrative  buildings.  The   public transport by 47%. If this
       M.B.   The  covid-19  health  crisis                                                                                But one can go further: the ur-   ambition is to be able to build a   vision is utopian, the study pre-
       has led to a loss of 80% in capa-                                                                                   ban   anthropologist  Sonia       metro  tomorrow  while  maste-   sents  difficulties  linked  to  the
                                                                                                                           Lavadinho rightly said: “when we
       city, corresponding at once to a                                                                                    can  say  that  our  time  spent  on   ring all its energy requirements.   specialisation  of  zones  and  a
       drop in the level of service and a                                                                                  the street and on transport was   We could also propose related    concentration  of  employment
       drop in the capacity of vehicles                                                                                    pleasant  and  worthwhile,  then   functions  that  generate  added   that is too high.
       regarding the respect of physical                                                                                   we  will  have  answered  the     value for the  environment  and   As Jean-Marc Offner points out
       distancing rules. In such a situa-                                                                                  challenges of mobility.” Areas of   cities.  It  is  thanks  to  this  ap-  in  his work  ‘Anachronismes  ur-
       tion, the transport curve must be                                                                                   the metro where the concept of    proach that the metro will soon   bains’  (Urban  anachronisms),
       flattened by reducing the density                                                                                   time disappears thanks to design   be more than just a line but also   the future will see the establish-
       of movements and by avoiding                                                                                        and what is beautiful and fun.    an  essential  component  in  our   ment of a mobility system based
       rush  hours,  moving  commuter                                                                                                                        cities and for society.          on three principles: walking for
       flows  to  other  modes  of  trans-                                                                                     → The metro                                                    short  distance  journeys;  public
       port, etc. It is clear here that resi-                                                                                                                   → Journey times               transport  for  scalable  move-
       lience requires the activation of   and  zoom  out  effect  must  be   very  common  in  the  United                    also has negative                will change in the            ments,  and  on-demand  trans-
       multi-scale  systems  combining   used. More than ever, the capa-  States, 50% of journeys made by                      externalities:                   cities of the future:         port modes and car-sharing for
       everyone’s  strength  to  create  a   city of the metro, its added value   car are less than 10km in France,            how can they be                  how could this                other movements. In such a sys-
       network.                         in  the  service  to  communities   only 3% of journeys are made by                    limited, or even                                               tem,  the  networks  feed  each
       This health crisis forces us to   and territories is to be envisaged   bicycle,  despite  it  being  a  very            put to good use?                 impact use of the             other,  and  work  together  to
       think about a ‘global system’ and   in terms of synergy and comple-  high capacity mode of transport.                                                    metro?                        meet the expectations of users.
       the speeding up of certain       mentarity  with  other  services   The problem in the case of a loss
       changes  already  taking  place   and modes of transport.          of transport capacity for the me-                C. C.  At SYSTRA, we envisage the   M.B.   Transport  exists  because
       gradually  or  still  in  gestation.                               tro is that its number of passen-                potential but also the impacts in   there  is  activity.  If  we  change
       This forces us to reconsider the     → Can a different             gers is difficult to match: a metro              their entirety, at the project level   the way in which we localise our
       place  of  bicycles,  walking  and   distribution                  can  carry  60,000  people  per                  and throughout the lifecycle of   activities, we change the way in
       micro-mobility  in  cities,  and  to   of passengers               hour.  The  local  authorities  in               the infrastructure. We pay great   which  we  build  cities.  There  is
       recognise these as entirely sepa-    across different              Paris have thus estimated that if                attention  to  optimising  the  life-  much talk today about the
       rate ways of getting around.         transport modes               only  5%  of  the  600,000  daily                cycle  of  the  infrastructure  and   concept of short distance cities:
                                                                          passengers on line 13 took their
                                            be considered                 car,  four  extra  lanes  would  be              its interactions with the environ-  the  15-minute  city,  the  poly-
       C. C. Whether it is for a crisis, or                                                                                ment.                             centric city… This opens an inte-
       more generally in the context of     according to their            needed  on  the  road.  Shifting                 For example, we monitor the car-  resting realm of possibilities on
                                                                          journeys  from  public  transport
       global warming and a zero emis-      journey times?                to  cars  is,  however,  neither                 bon footprint of our different de-  the  use  of  land  resources  and
       sions  strategy,  an  ecosystems                                   viable nor desirable.  The crisis                sign  scenarios  very  closely,  we   the recycling of the urban space
       approach must be adopted ins-    M.B.   There  is  a  huge  number  of   should not act as a brake, a step          encourage our clients, as soon as   (multiplication  of  uses,  reversi-
       tead of a narrower approach. It is   ways  to  travel  short  distances.   backwards in the context of en-          it is possible, to accept technical   bility of spaces).
       not  just  the  metro  itself  that  is   Private operators of micro-mobi-  ergy transition.                        solutions  (choice  of  equipment,   These  future  possibilities  raise
       being considered but its place in   lity have already understood                                                    constructive methods) that enable   questions about distance, proxi-
       a broader context, and the way it   this.. In urban zones, most short                                               impacts to be limited. On certain   mity, but also about connected-
       is integrated in the urban envi-  journeys (500m to 10km) are still    → How can public                             projects, we  are  for  example  ca-  ness – links between the diffe-
       ronment.  A  constant  zoom  in   made by car, and driving alone is    transport be made                            pable of proposing savings  of    rent  places.  More  than  short


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