Page 13 - The future of the metro booklet
P. 13

Dialogue                                              Dialogue

 The metro:   Putting the metro               with familiar events such as ear-  Christelle Chichigroud   Whether  for

            at the heart of an
                                              thquakes  for  example…  During
                                                                                an  existing  structure  or  a  new
            ecological transition
                                              the  earthquake  in  Mexico  in
                                                                                one,  adapting  the  metro  to  the
                                              1985, the core metro network re-
                                                                                climate  issues  of  tomorrow  ne-
            project also means
            envisaging its place in
                                              was able to restart without major
                                                                                cific  design  and  management.
            the social and economic           sisted  the  shocks  and  operation   cessitates environmentally spe-
                                              works.  The  consequences  of  a
                                                                                We integrate very early on in the
 between    TEXT  areas. Time to take         grated from the start  to protect   ject  an  analysis  of  the  risks  lin-
            context of our urban
                                              100-year flood level can be inte-
                                                                                design of an infrastructure pro-
            a look into the future
                                              the sensitive equipment of fixed
                                                                                ked  to  exceptional  climatic
                                              installations,  with  adaptations.
            with Maud Bernard,
                                                                                events and we propose structure
 Millie Servant
                                              These risks can also be the object
                                                                                dimensioning  and  adaptations
 ILLUSTRATION
            transportation systems
                                              action  in  a  crisis  situation  (e.g.
                                                                                also  the  entire  management  of
 Marine Benz  Innovative                      of  organisational  measures  for   according to this analysis. It is
            program director
 crisis and    Christelle Chichignoud,        porary  wall).  The  challenge  we   must  be  taken  into  considera-
                                              obstruction of a metro tunnel by
                                                                                an  exceptional  event  itself  that
 & Jan Siemen
            at SYSTRA, and
                                              the rapid construction of a tem-
                                                                                tion. From the real time alert, the
                                              are preparing to face today invol-
                                                                                whole chain must be anticipated,
            Group Sustainable
                                              ves  anticipating  the  unpredic-
                                                                                planned and shared between the
            Development Director.
                                              table in order to be able to adapt
                                              instantly, but in retrospect, to an   different actors.
                → Our societies
                                              unprecedented  event.  Currently,
                                                                                   → Could the
 opportunity    are going                     there is much talk of resilience, a   metro become
                                              flexible  concept  which  denotes
                to experience
                                                                                   a solution in
                                              ‘the  capacity of a system  to deal
                increasingly
                                                                                   the face of risk?
                                              with a shock’. According to its de-
                unpredictable
                natural events.
                                              sociated  with  the  capacity  of  a
                How can the                   gree of intensity, resistance is as-  M.B.  The metro as a structure can
                                                                                play  a  protective  role.  It  can  for
                                              system’s  resilience  (absorbative),
                metro prepare                 with  the  implementation  of     example be designed as a protec-
                for this?                     changes to adapt the system and   tion  against  extreme  tempera-
                                              make  it  more  resilient (adapta-  tures, to resist fire or heavy rain-
            Maud  Bernard   At  SYSTRA,  we   tive), or even the radical transfor-  fall.  The  Moscow  metro  was
            already have a risk management    mation  of  a  dominant  model    especially  designed  so  that  sta-
                                              (transformative).
                                                                                tions  could  become  shelters  in
            culture  that enables  us to deal
                                                                                case of war.
                                                                                However, for the metro to really
                                                                                take on this role it also must be
                           Total Luxury                                         considered that the system to be
 Christelle Chichignoud,    Maud Bernard,    The Moscow metro is not only the busiest in Europe, with its 365km   built  must  be  as  economical  as
 Director of Sustainable    Director of research in mobility    of lines and 232 stations: it also has the reputation of being the most   possible in terms of resources, as
 Development at SYSTRA  and innovative solutions at SYSTRA  beautiful. In 1935 Moscow still had no metro and Stalin wanted to make   much  during  the  construction
                           it an example of Soviet brilliance. The project was colossal, and many   phase  as  during  the  operational
                           of the stations are a testament to these incredible ambitions: Arbatskaya   phase.  There is  much  to be ex-
                           with its chandeliers, its marble; Elektrozavodskaya with its decorated
                           vault and luminous circles, Barrikadnaya and its polished rock decor.  plored  here:  one  could  for  exa-
                                                                                mple play on the stations’ archi-
                                                                                tecture  or  their  installation  to
                                                                                regulate the temperature without
                           Non-stop                                             recourse to air conditioning.
                           The First World War limited the activity of the Parisian metro system, but
                           did not kill it: on average, between 1914 and 1918, 30% of the trains ran.
                           After the Second World War, it went up to 40%, despite many stations   C. C.  The metro is at once an ob-
                           being closed. Due the difficulty of finding gas (and tyres), the metro   ject  of  performance
                           remains the safest means of locomotion of Parisians. In the end, the   useful  tor  communi- →
                                                                                and  an  object  that  is
                           covid-19 crisis will have been more severe for the metro than armed
                           conflict, with sometimes only 20% of trains running.
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