Page 12 - The future of the metro booklet
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Dialogue                                                                                                             Dialogue

       The metro:                                                                                                          Putting the metro                 with familiar events such as ear-  Christelle Chichigroud   Whether  for

                                                                                                                           at the heart of an
                                                                                                                                                             thquakes  for  example…  During
                                                                                                                                                                                              an  existing  structure  or  a  new
                                                                                                                           ecological transition
                                                                                                                                                             the  earthquake  in  Mexico  in
                                                                                                                                                                                              one,  adapting  the  metro  to  the
                                                                                                                                                             1985, the core metro network re-
                                                                                                                                                                                              climate  issues  of  tomorrow  ne-
                                                                                                                           project also means
                                                                                                                           envisaging its place in
                                                                                                                                                             was able to restart without major
                                                                                                                                                                                              cific  design  and  management.
                                                                                                                           the social and economic           sisted  the  shocks  and  operation   cessitates environmentally spe-
                                                                                                                                                             works.  The  consequences  of  a
                                                                                                                                                                                              We integrate very early on in the
       between                                                                       TEXT                                  areas. Time to take               grated from the start  to protect   ject  an  analysis  of  the  risks  lin-
                                                                                                                           context of our urban
                                                                                                                                                             100-year flood level can be inte-
                                                                                                                                                                                              design of an infrastructure pro-
                                                                                                                           a look into the future
                                                                                                                                                             the sensitive equipment of fixed
                                                                                                                                                                                              ked  to  exceptional  climatic
                                                                                                                                                             installations,  with  adaptations.
                                                                                                                           with Maud Bernard,
                                                                                                                                                                                              events and we propose structure
                                                                                     Millie Servant
                                                                                                                                                             These risks can also be the object
                                                                                                                                                                                              dimensioning  and  adaptations
                                                                                                                           transportation systems
                                                                                                                                                             action  in  a  crisis  situation  (e.g.
                                                                                                                                                                                              also  the  entire  management  of
                                                                                     Marine Benz                           Innovative                        of  organisational  measures  for   according to this analysis. It is
                                                                                                                           program director
       crisis and                                                                                                          Christelle Chichignoud,           porary  wall).  The  challenge  we   must  be  taken  into  considera-
                                                                                                                                                             obstruction of a metro tunnel by
                                                                                                                                                                                              an  exceptional  event  itself  that
                                                                                     & Jan Siemen
                                                                                                                           at SYSTRA, and
                                                                                                                                                             the rapid construction of a tem-
                                                                                                                                                                                              tion. From the real time alert, the
                                                                                                                                                             are preparing to face today invol-
                                                                                                                                                                                              whole chain must be anticipated,
                                                                                                                           Group Sustainable
                                                                                                                                                             ves  anticipating  the  unpredic-
                                                                                                                                                                                              planned and shared between the
                                                                                                                           Development Director.
                                                                                                                                                             table in order to be able to adapt
                                                                                                                                                             instantly, but in retrospect, to an   different actors.
                                                                                                                               → Our societies
                                                                                                                                                             unprecedented  event.  Currently,
                                                                                                                                                                                                  → Could the
       opportunity                                                                                                             are going                     there is much talk of resilience, a   metro become
                                                                                                                                                             flexible  concept  which  denotes
                                                                                                                               to experience
                                                                                                                                                                                                  a solution in
                                                                                                                                                             ‘the  capacity of a system  to deal
                                                                                                                                                                                                  the face of risk?
                                                                                                                                                             with a shock’. According to its de-
                                                                                                                               natural events.
                                                                                                                                                             sociated  with  the  capacity  of  a
                                                                                                                               How can the                   gree of intensity, resistance is as-  M.B.  The metro as a structure can
                                                                                                                                                                                              play  a  protective  role.  It  can  for
                                                                                                                                                             system’s  resilience  (absorbative),
                                                                                                                               metro prepare                 with  the  implementation  of    example be designed as a protec-
                                                                                                                               for this?                     changes to adapt the system and   tion  against  extreme  tempera-
                                                                                                                                                             make  it  more  resilient (adapta-  tures, to resist fire or heavy rain-
                                                                                                                           Maud  Bernard   At  SYSTRA,  we   tive), or even the radical transfor-  fall.  The  Moscow  metro  was
                                                                                                                           already have a risk management    mation  of  a  dominant  model   especially  designed  so  that  sta-
                                                                                                                                                                                              tions  could  become  shelters  in
                                                                                                                           culture  that enables  us to deal
                                                                                                                                                                                              case of war.
                                                                                                                                                                                              However, for the metro to really
                                                                                                                                                                                              take on this role it also must be
                                                                                                                                          Total Luxury                                        considered that the system to be
       Christelle Chichignoud,          Maud Bernard,                                                                                     The Moscow metro is not only the busiest in Europe, with its 365km   built  must  be  as  economical  as
       Director of Sustainable          Director of research in mobility                                                                  of lines and 232 stations: it also has the reputation of being the most   possible in terms of resources, as
       Development at SYSTRA            and innovative solutions at SYSTRA                                                                beautiful. In 1935 Moscow still had no metro and Stalin wanted to make   much  during  the  construction
                                                                                                                                          it an example of Soviet brilliance. The project was colossal, and many   phase  as  during  the  operational
                                                                                                                                          of the stations are a testament to these incredible ambitions: Arbatskaya   phase.  There is  much  to be ex-
                                                                                                                                          with its chandeliers, its marble; Elektrozavodskaya with its decorated
                                                                                                                                          vault and luminous circles, Barrikadnaya and its polished rock decor.  plored  here:  one  could  for  exa-
                                                                                                                                                                                              mple play on the stations’ archi-
                                                                                                                                                                                              tecture  or  their  installation  to
                                                                                                                                                                                              regulate the temperature without
                                                                                                                                          Non-stop                                            recourse to air conditioning.
                                                                                                                                          The First World War limited the activity of the Parisian metro system, but
                                                                                                                                          did not kill it: on average, between 1914 and 1918, 30% of the trains ran.
                                                                                                                                          After the Second World War, it went up to 40%, despite many stations   C. C.  The metro is at once an ob-
                                                                                                                                          being closed. Due the difficulty of finding gas (and tyres), the metro   ject  of  performance
                                                                                                                                          remains the safest means of locomotion of Parisians. In the end, the   useful  tor  communi- →
                                                                                                                                                                                              and  an  object  that  is
                                                                                                                                          covid-19 crisis will have been more severe for the metro than armed
                                                                                                                                          conflict, with sometimes only 20% of trains running.
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